Зарегистрирован: 11.10.2005 Сообщения: 1251 Откуда: Co.Kerry, Republic of Ireland
Добавлено: Чт Мар 16, 2006 6:08 pm Заголовок сообщения: St.Patricks Day
Well.....tomorrow is St.Paddy's Day!! and being the only Irish person here i thought i might make a thread.
Saint Patrick (died March 17, 493, see below) is the patron saint of Ireland, along with Saint Brigid and Saint Columba.
He was born somewhere along the west coast of Britain in the little settlement or village of Bannavem of Taburnia (vico banavem taburniae in his Confessio), which has never been identified with certainty. Sites suggested include Dumbarton, Furness  and Somerset, or the coastline of Wales or northern France; another possibility put forward for his birthplace is the settlement of Bannaventa in Northamptonshire, for raiders captured him with "many thousands of people" according to Patrick's autobiographical Confessio, and sold them as slaves in Ireland. The tiny Welsh village of Banwen has often been suggested as his birth place. It was clearly occupied in Roman times, sitting on the Neath-Brecon Roman road and next to the two Roman forts in Coelbren.
Although he came from a Christian family, he was not particularly religious before his capture. However, Patrick's enslavement markedly strengthened his faith. It was at this time he learned the native Celtic language and the customs of the druids, as his master was a druidic high priest. He escaped at the age of twenty-two, as legend has it, under the direction of an angel, and spent twelve years in a monastery in Auxerre, where he adopted the name Patrick (Patricius, in Old Irish spelled Pбdraig). One night he heard voices begging him to return to Ireland, and he thus, by now in his thirties, became one of the first Christian missionaries in Ireland, being preceded by Palladius (died c.457/461).
Britain at this time was undergoing turmoil following the withdrawal of Roman troops in 407 and Roman central authority in 410. Having been under the Roman cloak for over 350 years, the Romano-British were having to look after themselves. Populations were on the move on the European continent, and the recently converted Christian Britain was being colonised by pagan Anglo-Saxons.
His first converted patron was Saint Dichu, who made a gift of a large sabhall (barn) for a church sanctuary. This first sanctuary dedicated by St Patrick became in later years his chosen retreat. A monastery and church were erected there, and there Patrick died; the site, Saul County Down, retains the name Sabhall (pronounced "Sowel").
Patrick set up his see at Armagh and organized the church into territorial sees, as elsewhere in the West and East. While Patrick encouraged the Irish to become monks and nuns, it is not certain that he was a monk himself. It is even less likely that in his time the monastery became the principal unit of the Irish Church, although it was in later periods. The choice of Armagh may have been determined by the presence of a powerful king. There Patrick had a school and presumably a small familia in residence; from this base he made his missionary journeys. There seems to have been little contact with the Palladian Christianity of the southeast.
One famous story relates that at the annual vernal fire that was to be lit by the High King at Tara, when all the fires were extinguished so they could be renewed from the sacred fire from Tara, Patrick lit a rival, miraculously inextinguishable Christian bonfire on the hill of Slane at the opposite end of the valley. The season was associated with Easter by chroniclers who followed Patrick's own account in his Confessio.
Patrick was not the first Christian missionary to Ireland, as men such as Secundus and Palladius were active there before him. However, tradition accords him the most impact, and his missions seem to have been concentrated in the provinces of Ulster and Connaught which had never received Christians before. He established the Church throughout Ireland on lasting foundations: he travelled throughout the country preaching, teaching, building churches, opening schools and monasteries, converting chiefs and bards, and everywhere supporting his preaching with miracles. He threw down the idol of Crom Cruach in Leitrim.
Patrick wrote that he daily expected to be violently killed or enslaved again. His Letter to the Soldiers of Coroticus protested British slave trading and the slaughter of a group of Irish Christians by Coroticus's raiding Christian Welshmen, and is the first surely identified literature of the British or Celtic Catholic Church (see  Wikiquote). Patrick gathered many followers, including Saint Benignus, who would become his successor. His chief concerns were the raising up of native clergy, and abolishing Paganism, idolatry, and Sun-worship. He made no distinction of classes in his preaching and was himself ready for imprisonment or death.
Pious legend credits Patrick with banishing snakes from the island, though post-glacial Ireland never actually had snakes; one suggestion is that snakes referred to the serpent symbolism of the Druids of that time and place, as shown for instance on coins minted in Gaul (see Carnutes), or that it could have referred to beliefs such as Pelagianism, symbolized as "serpents." Legend also credits Patrick with teaching the Irish about the concept of the Trinity by showing people the shamrock, a three-leaved clover, using it to highlight the Christian dogma of 'three divine persons in the one God' (as opposed to the Arian belief that was popular in Patrick's time).
In his use of Scripture and eschatological expectations, Patrick was typical of the 5th-century bishop. One of the traits which he retained as an old man was a consciousness of being an unlearned exile and former slave and fugitive, who learned to trust God completely.
Death: a contentious date
Patrick died in AD 493 according to the latest reconstruction of the old Irish annals. Prior to the 1940's it was believed without doubt that he died in 461 and thus had lived in the first half of the 5th century. A lecture entitled "The Two Patricks", published in 1942 by T. F. O'Rahilly, caused enormous controversy by proposing that there had being two "Patricks", Palladius and Patrick, and that what we now know of St. Patrick was in fact in part a conscious effort to meld the two into one hagiographic personality (see Hagiography). Decades of contention eventually ended with most historians now asserting that Patrick was indeed most likely to have being active in the mid-to-late 5th century.
The compiler of the Annals of Ulster stated that in the year 553:
"I have found this in the Book of Cuanu: The relics of Patrick were placed sixty years after his death in a shrine by Colum Cille. Three splendid halidoms were found in the burial-place: his goblet, the Angel's Gospel, and the Bell of the Testament. This is how the angel distributed the halidoms: the goblet to Dъn, the Bell of the Testament to Ard Macha, and the Angel's Gospel to Colum Cille himself. The reason it is called the Angel's Gospel is that Colum Cille received it from the hand of the angel."
The placement of this event under the year 553 would certainly seem to place Patrick's death in 493, or at least in the early years of that decade.
It is believed that March 17 was his death date (according to the Encyclopedia Britannica) and it is the date popularly associated with him as his feast, known as St. Patrick's Day.
St. Patrick is also patron of Nigeria, which was evangelized primarily by Irish clergy, especially priests from Saint Patrick's Missionary Society (also known as the Kiltegan Missionaries).
Saint Patrick's Day (17 March) is a Roman Catholic feast day which celebrates Saint Patrick (386-493), the patron saint of Ireland. It is a national holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, the overseas territory of Montserrat and the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Saint Patrick's Day is celebrated worldwide by Irish people and increasingly by many of non-Irish descent. The oldest and largest parade in the world is held in New York City. Parades also take place in Dublin and in most other Irish towns and villages. Other large parades include those in Savannah, Georgia, Manchester, Montreal, and Boston. Large parades also take place in other places, including London, Paris, Rome, Munich, Moscow, Beijing, Hong Kong, Singapore, Sydney, Copenhagen, and throughout the Americas.
As well as being a celebration of Irish culture, Saint Patrick's Day is a Christian festival celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of Ireland (among other churches in the Anglican Communion) and some other denominations. The day always falls in the season of Lent and sometimes during Holy Week. In church calendars (though rarely in secular ones) Saint Patrick's Day Day is moved to the following Monday when it falls on a Sunday. If it falls in Holy Week, it is moved to the second Monday after Easter. It is traditional for those observing a lenten fast to break it for the duration of Saint Patrick's Day.
In many parts of the U.S., Britain, and Australia, expatriate Irish, those of Irish descent, and ever-growing crowds of people with no Irish connections but who may proclaim themselves "Irish for a day" also celebrate St. Patrick's Day, usually by drinking alcoholic beverages (lager dyed green, Irish beer such as Murphys, Smithwicks, Harp or Guinness, or Irish whiskey, Irish Coffee or Baileys Irish Cream) and by wearing at least one article of green-colored clothing. Former New York City Mayor Ed Koch once proclaimed himself "Ed O'Koch" for the day and is one of the most famous people of non-Irish descent to publicly revel on the holiday
Saint Patrick's Day parades in Ireland date from the late nineteenth century, originating in the growing sense of Irish nationalism. (The first parade did not begin in Ireland but in the British colonies–see below). In the mid-1990s, a group called St. Patrick's Festival was set up by the Irish government with the aim to:
—Offer a national festival that ranks amongst all of the greatest celebrations in the world and promote excitement throughout Ireland via innovation, creativity, grassroots involvement, and marketing activity.
—Provide the opportunity and motivation for people of Irish descent, Scottish descent, (and those who sometimes wish they were Irish) to attend and join in the imaginative and expressive celebrations.
—Project, internationally, an accurate image of Ireland as a creative, professional and sophisticated country with wide appeal, as we approach the new millennium.
The first Saint Patrick's Day Festival was held in 1996, and was celebrated only on the day. In 1997, it became a three-day event, and since 2000 has been a four-day event. The most recent festivals have included extensive fireworks displays (Skyfest), open-air music, street theater and the traditional parade. The topic of the 2004 St. Patrick's Symposium was "Talking Irish," during which the nature of Irish identity, economic success and the future was discussed. Since 1996, there has been a greater emphasis on celebrating and projecting a fluid and inclusive notion of "Irishness" rather than a identity based around traditional religious or ethnic allegiance.
Many Irish people still wear a bunch of shamrock on their lapels or caps on this day or green, white, and orange badges (after the colors of the Irish flag). Girls traditionally wear green in their hair. The biggest celebrations in Ireland outside of Dublin are in Downpatrick, where Saint Patrick was buried following his death on 17 March, 461. In 2004, according to Down District Council, the week-long St. Patrick's Festival had over 2000 participants and 82 floats, bands, and performers, and was watched by over 30,000 people.
Although celebrated by the Anglican Church of Ireland as a Christian festival, Saint Patrick's Day as a celebration of Irish culture is rarely acknowledged by loyalists in Northern Ireland, who consider it a festival for Irish republicans. The Belfast City Council recently agreed to give public funds to its parade for the first time; previously the parade was funded privately.
Since the 1990s, Irish Taoisigh (prime ministers) have sometimes attended special functions either on Saint Patrick's Day or a day or two earlier, in the White House, where they present shamrock to the President of the United States. A similar presentation is made to the Speaker of the House. Originally only representatives of the Republic of Ireland attended, but since the mid-1990s all major Irish political parties from north and south are invited, with the attendance including the representatives of the Irish government, the Ulster Unionist Party, the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Sinn Fйin and others. Owing to special political circumstances, no parties from Northern Ireland were invited for these functions in 2005. In recent years, it is common for the entire Irish government to be abroad representing the country in various parts of the world. In 2003, the President of Ireland celebrated the holiday in Sydney, the Taoiseach was in Washington, while other Irish government members attended ceremonies in New York, Boston, San Francisco, San Jose, Savannah, Chicago, Philadelphia, San Diego, New Zealand, Hong Kong, South Africa, Korea, Japan and Brazil.
Outside of Ireland
The longest-running Saint Patrick's Day parade in Canada takes place each year in Montreal, where the parade began in 1824. In Canada, Saint Patrick's Day in an offical holiday in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Some groups (including Guinness) have lobbided to make Saint Patrick's Day a federal holiday.
In Great Britain, the late Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (the Queen Mother) used to present bowls of shamrock flown over from Ireland to members of the Irish Guards, a regiment in the British Army made up of Irishmen from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland (as well as many Liverpudlians and other Britons). In 2006, London mayor Ken Livingstone organised a Saint Patrick's Day parade five days before Saint Patrick's Day. The Cheltenham Festival usually coincides with Saint Patrick's Day.
Saint Patrick's Day is celebrated in the United States, where it was brought by Irish-American immigrants. The smallest parade is said to take place in Hot Springs in Arkansas; this parade is less than a single city block. Boulder, Colorado claims to have the shortest parade, which is also less than a single city blocK.
The first civic and public celebration of Saint Patrick's Day in the thirteen colonies took place in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1737.The first Saint Patrick's Day celebrated in New York City was held at the Crown and Thistle Tavern in 1756.
The first Saint Patrick's Day parade in the world took place in New York City on March 17, 1762, when Irish soldiers serving in the British military marched through the city. Since then, the New York celebration has become the largest Saint Patrick's Day parade in the world. In 2003 more than 150,000 marchers participated, including bands, firefighters, military and police groups, county associations, emigrant societies, and social and cultural clubs. The parade marches up 5th Avenue in Manhattan and it attracts roughly two million spectators.
The New York parade has been dogged with controversy in recent years, as its organisers have banned Irish-American gays and lesbians from marching as a group. Gay rights groups have fought in court to obtain the right to march alongside other organisations, and there have been calls in Ireland (which, since 1992, has some of the most liberal gay rights laws in the world) for a boycott of the parade. The gay groups and their sympathizers have lied down in the middle of the street at the start of the parade route, and been arrested when they refused to move; in the late 1980s such arrests averaged several hundred per year, but they had dwindled to a dozen or less annually by the early 2000s. A tradition has begun in Queens of organising a parade the week before the official Saint Patrick's Day parade. The Queens parade is open to all organisations wishing to march.
The annual New York parade is organised and run by the Ancient Order of Hibernians. For many years, the St. Patrick's Day Parade was the primary public function of the Ancient Order of Hibernians. On occasion the order has appointed controversial Irish republican figures (some of whom were barred from the U.S.) to be its Grand Marshal. They also have asserted their right to ban gay men and lesbians from the parade.
The New York parade is moved to the previous Saturday (16 March) in years where 17 March is a Sunday. The event is also moved on the rare occasions when, due to Easter falling on a very early date, 17 March would land in Holy Week. This last occurred in 1913. That year the parade was held on Saturday, 15 March, because Easter was on 23 March (making 17 March the Monday of Holy Week). This same scenario will arise again in 2008, when Easter will also fall on 23 March. In many other American cities (such as San Francisco in California), the parade is always held on the Sunday before 17 March, regardless of the liturgical calendar.
Some U.S. cities paint the traffic stripe of their parade routes green Others, including Chicago, dye major rivers green. Savannah, Georgia, home of the world's second-largest Saint Patrick's Day parade, dyes its downtown city fountains green
Well...what can I say?? tomorrow its going to be great craic. Im going in the parade here in my home town and then afterwards, like every single other person with blood in their veins is going to do.....drink
The Irish can drink any other nationality under the table.
I will take loads of pictures tomorrow and post them here...
so...i wish every single person here, HAPPY ST.PADDYS DAY!!
Добавлено: Чт Мар 16, 2006 11:03 pm Заголовок сообщения: Re: St.Patricks Day
The Irish can drink any other nationality under the table.
Ha, if we ever meet in a bar we will see ;-)
Good times to be had by all.
Especialy if your a Celtic fan, the 'huns' hate this day so much.
And I dont care if that causes offence, because they arnt slow to point it out to us 'tims'.
Зарегистрирован: 01.07.2005 Сообщения: 644 Откуда: 18, M, London, UK
Добавлено: Пт Мар 17, 2006 3:18 pm Заголовок сообщения:
Hope everyone celebrating Paddy's Day has a good time, I was gonna wear somthing green today but I don't own anything green so I made sure I sat on green chairs all day at college today haha. _________________ Льюк - Freedom - Love - Peace - Belief - Trust - Honesty - t.A.T.u
Добавлено: Сб Мар 18, 2006 5:04 pm Заголовок сообщения:
Had a great time, and im just now waking up.
Its 16:58. People were drinking for two reasons yesterday.
It was St. Patricks day but also, celtic fans all everywhere were commomorating the passing of our greatest player
Jimmy Johnstone "Jinky"
And if you want to know more about this scottish football legend then thier is the official site www.jimmyjohnstone.com